Let’s talk about loop syntax in Go.

Examine the syntax below:

days := []string{"Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"}
for i, day := range days {
  fmt.Println(i, day)

We declare and initialize the days variables with a slice of strings, containing 7 days of the week.

Then from the slice of these strings, we declare and initialize each index and a day variable at every iteration. range is a keyword that we use whenever we want to iterate over every single record inside of a slice. In Go’s for loop, the braces { } are always required.

Compare this looping construct to that in Ruby and Python.

days = ["Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"]
days.each do |day|
  puts day
days = ["Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"]
for day in days:

Go has a single looping construct, for loop, while the other two languages while loops. Go grants a finer control but that comes with more typing. Maybe not so ideal for looping. But Go has strong features including concurrency and memory management, which I will explore in the next step.